Jupiter mission and its main moons begin JUICE
2023/04/14 Galarraga Aiestaran, Ana - Elhuyar Zientzia Iturria: Elhuyar aldizkaria
In the second attempt, ESA has managed to launch the HGH.On the right track, the probe reaches Jupiter within eight years, in July 2031. In addition to Jupiter, Galileo approaches three of the four moons discovered by Galileo in 1610: You win, Callisto and Europe. He even plans to surround Ganymedes to find out if he hides oceans beneath his frozen surface. If it does, it's the first time a spacecraft has orbited a moon, except the Earth Moon.
The boat transports 3.5 tonnes of fuel and weighs about 6 tonnes. The plotting of the Moon system, Venus and twice the thrust of the Earth's gravitational forces towards its destination will not be correct. The solar panel that will be deployed will occupy 85 square meters (in Jupiter the solar energy is 4% lower than the one that reaches the Earth) and carries up to ten devices for various measurements. Among other topics, the atmosphere of Jupiter will be analyzed, including the members of the Planetary Sciences Group of the UPV/EHU. In addition, the JUICE will study in Jupiter the powerful gravitational zone and the radiation belts of the planet, and in the moons the characteristics of the surface and the atmospheres to determine whether they have living conditions.
For example, the astrophysicists of the mission consider that topographic maps that the jib-altimeter is going to make can be very useful in determining whether they have oceans. In the orbit of Ganymedes around Jupiter, and upon receiving the gravitational force of the other moons, they are subjected to their forces. Well, if it has fluid under the skin, they think the tide fluctuations can be as high as 10 meters, while if it is solid it will not deform more than 1 meter.
With the arrival of JUICE, the last mission he has investigated in Juno will be completed. JUICE will complete your information.