In the two US science academies, women are more likely to be recognized.

2023/03/28 Elhuyar Zientzia Iturria: Elhuyar aldizkaria

Ed. Archival

In the last 20 years, women have had a priority of access to the U.S. Academy of Sciences (NAS). and the Academy of Arts and Sciences, compared to men of the same editorial and professional history. To this conclusion comes an international research group that analyzes the 60-year evolution of the research gap in the selection of members, in three areas: psychology, economics and mathematics.

One of the researchers has been Nagore Iriberri Etxebeste, from the UPV/EHU, and according to the study, 60 years ago women were less likely to be selected as academics than men with similar histories and publications. In the 1990s, the selection process in both academies was more or less gender-neutral. And in the last twenty years a positive priority has been given to women in all three areas.

Thus, currently, women are between 3 and 15 likely to be elected as members of AAAS and NAS, compared to men who have an editorial and similar history. However, Iriberri notes that the representation of women in these academies still does not reach “50% in mathematics and economics”, unlike what happens in psychology.

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